- Ph.D., University of Cambridge, Palaeontology, 1968.
- B.Sc. (Hons), University of Otago, Geology, 1963.
Robert (Bob) Carter is a former research professor at James Cook University, Queensland, Australia, and advisor to multiple climate science denial organisations around the world. He was head of the university's School of Earth Sciences between 1981 and 1999 and then held unpaid adjunct professorial positions. In January 2013 the university allowed his adjunct status to lapse, citing lack of input  into the university. He is a marine geologist and environmental scientist. 
In response to claims  made by Carter that the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change had not uncovered evidence that global warming was caused by human activity, a former CSIRO  climate scientist stated that Carter was not a credible source on climate change and that “if he [Carter] has any evidence that [global warming over the past 100 years] is a natural variability he should publish through the peer review process.”
Carter has written numerous newspaper articles  primarily for UK and Australian newspapers that attempt to disprove global warming. He has also written two books.
In reference to his involvement with the Institute for Public Affairs (IPA) , Carter stated in a March 15, 2007  Sydney Morning Herald article: “I don't think it is the point whether you are paid by the coal or petroleum industry.” 
According to leaked documents Carter receives $1,667 a month from the Heartland Institute , an organization with an intense focus on climate change skepticism. Carter was to be paid for his work as a co-author and editor on Heartland's Non Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (NIPCC) reports.
Carter was a co-editor on the 2011 “Interim ” NIPCC report and is a co-editor and author of the 2013 NIPCC report Climate Change Reconsidered II , timed to coincide with the release of the United Nation's fifth major IPCC report on climate change.
Stance on Climate Change
“There IS a problem with global warming… . it stopped in 1998… . That industrial carbon dioxide is not the primary cause of earth's recent decadal-scale temperature changes doesn't seem at all odd to many thousands of independent scientists. They have long appreciated - ever since the early 1990s, when the global warming bandwagon first started to roll behind the gravy train of the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) - that such short-term climate fluctuations are chiefly of natural origin.” 
“The first thing to be clear about is that carbon dioxide is not a pollutant.” 
“contrary to strong public belief, the effects of increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere are generally beneficial. Enhanced plant growth has many obvious benefits, amongst them increased natural vegetation growth in general, and increased agricultural production in particular. And to maintain or slightly increase planetary temperature is also very much a global good if – as Ruddiman and other scientists assert – the human production of greenhouse gases is helping to hold our planetary environment in its historic, benignly warm, interglacial mode.” 
“…the empirical data stressed by climate rationalists will ultimately prevail over the predictions of the unvalidated computer models. Perhaps then we will be able to attend to the real climate policy problem, which is to prepare response plans for extreme weather events, and for climate warmings as well as coolings, in the same way we prepare to cope with all other natural hazards.” 
July 7 - 9, 2014
DeSmogBlog has done in-depth research on the other speakers and sponsors from Heartland's ICCC9, which can be found here .
May 21 - 23, 2012
DeSmogBlog researched the co-sponsors behind Heartland's ICCC7  and found that they had collectively received over $67 million from ExxonMobil, the Koch Brothers and the conservative Scaife family foundations .
Heartland's president Joe Bast  revealed at the end of the conference that the Institute has no plans for future ICCCs. This could be in part due to the defections of corporate sponsors following Heartland's the unintended release of their  confidential documents  and its unsuccessful Unabomber billboard campaign . Carter was one of the few people to have subsequently backed  Heartland's decision to run the billboard campaign.
June 30, 2011
March 30, 2009
Carter's signature appears on a full-page ad funded by the CATO institute  that appeared  in numerous newspapers including the Washington Post, the New York Times and the Chicago Tribune in 2009.
The advertisement objects to President Obama's declaration that “few challenges facing America and the world are more urgent than combating climate change” and claims that “there has been no net global warming for over a decade” and that the dangers of global warming are “grossly overstated.” 
The conference was hosted by the industry-funded Heartland Institute  and focuses on “research that contradicts claims that Earth’s moderate warming during the twentieth century primarily was man-made and has reached crisis proportions.”
March 8, 2007
Carter was listed  on the “panel” for The Great Global Warming Swindle as a climate change skeptic.
The Great Global Warming Swindle  received critical response from the scientific community, including a letter  to ABC that was signed by thirty-seven British Scientists who claimed “the misrepresentations of facts and views, both of which occur in your programme, are so serious that repeat broadcasts of the programme, without amendment, are not in the public interest. In view of the seriousness of climate change as an issue, it is crucial that public debate about it is balanced and well-informed.” 
In an interview  between ABC Australia’s Tony Jones and the film’s director Martin Durkin, The Great Global Warming Swindle’s validity and scientific accuracy were also put into question.
Feb 5, 2007
Carter is listed as a “expert reviewer”  of the Independent Summary for Policymakers (ISPM) , essentially a critical review of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report . 
The ISPM is published by the industry-supported Fraser Institute  which received over $60,000 from ExxonMobil and which is also financially-supported by several tobacco companies including Philip Morris and British American Tobacco.
- Heartland Institute  — “Expert .” 
- Global Warming Policy Foundation - Academic Advisory Council  member.
- International Climate Science Coalition - Chief Science Advisor .
- Galileo Movement - adviser .
- Science and Public Policy Institute - adviser .
- Repeal the Act - patron .
- European Institute for Climate and Energy - Advisory Board member .
- Australian Climate Science Coalition - Scientific Advisory Panel member .
- New Zealand Climate Science Coalition - founder .
According to a search of 22,000 academic journals, Carter has published over 50 original research in peer-reviewed  journals mainly in the area of stratigraphy , the study of rock layers and layering. Carter's articles on global warming have largely appeared in economics journals, rather than mainstream science journals.
Carter has written many opinion columns on climate change, with several published in the Rupert Murdoch-owned The Australian newspaper and minor Australian publication Quadrant. He has written two books sceptical of the science of human-caused global warming.
The first, Climate: The Counter Consensus, was published in July 2010. Reviewing the book, Australian climate scientist David Karoly said Dr Carter lived in a world where “it is OK to select any evidence that supports your ideas and ignore all other evidence ”. Leading New Zealand climate scientist Dr James Renwick said the book was “a curious read, full of misinformation, straw-man arguments, and poorly-documented assertions .”
His second book, Taxing Air: Facts & Falacies About Climate Change, was released in May 2013 and was co-written with cartoonist John Spooner and fellow sceptics Bill Kininmonth , Martin Feil, Stewart Franks  and Bryan Leyland. The Institute of Public Affairs sent copies of the book  to Australian Members of Parliament and hosted a launch event . Australian mathematical physicist Ian Enting, author of the Australian Mathematical Scences Institute book Twisted: The distorted mathematics of greenhouse denial , has analysed the book , describing it as being characterised by “half-truths and slanted misrepresentation” and “appalling hypocrisy”.
A list of Carter's publications is available on his website .
- R.M. Carter. “Knock, knock: where is the evidence for dangerous human-caused global warming? ” Economic Analysis & Policy (Journal of the Economic Society of Australia - Queensland), 32(2) (2008), 107-202.
- R.M. Carter, C.R. De Freitas, I.M. Goklany, D. Holland, and R.S. Lindzen. “Climate science and the Stern Review,” (PDF ) World Economics, 8 (2007), 161-182.
- D. Holland, R.M. Carter, C.R. De Freitas, I.M. Goklany, and R.S. Lindzen. “Climate change. Response to Simmonds and Steffen ,” (PDF), World Economics, 8 (2007), 143-151.
“Profile: Robert M. Carter ,” accessed November 30, 2011.
“Robert 'Bob' Carter: 6th International Conference on Climate Change ,” the Heartland Institute.
Bob Carter. “There IS a problem with global warming… it stopped in 1998 ,” The Telegraph, April 9, 2006.
“Clearing the Air ,” TCS Daily, May 5, 2004. Archived May 14, 2007.
“Bob Carter: British report the last hurrah of warmaholics ,” The Australian, November 3, 2006.
“Climate Change Reality ,” The Cato Institute.
“Heartland-2 session three ,” Quadrant Online, March 11, 2009.
“Climate Change Response ” (Transcript), ABC, April 11, 2005. Archived January 17, 2006.
“The Great Global Warming Swindle: open letter to Martin Durkin from 37 signatories (April 2007) ,” Climate of Denial, April 24, 2007.
“Independent Summary for Policymakers of the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (Working Group I) ,” Retrieved from Ross Mckitrick's homepage at the University of Guelph, March 1, 2012.
“People & Associates: Bob Carter ,” Institute of Public Affairs. Accessed November 30, 2011.
“Bob Carter ,” SourceWatch Profile.
“Experts ,” ICECAP. Accessed January, 2012.
“Experts: Robert M. Carter ,” The Heartland Institute. Accessed May, 2012.
“Deniers:Scientists:Bob Carter ,” ExxonSecrets Wiki.
“Return of Climate Denial-a-Palooza: Heartland Institute Hitches Anti-Science Wagon to Vegas FreedomFest ,” DeSmogBlog, July 7, 2014. Archived July 14, 2014.