Following the lead of ten other states that have already adopted similar legislation, Maryland lawmakers this week passed two bills that aim to create community solar projects and increase access to clean energy in the state.
The bills, which still must be signed into law by Governor Larry Hogan, would launch a three-year pilot project to allow the state to assess the benefits of community solar and establish best practices.
Timothy R. Phillips
- B.A., Political Science, Virginia Tech University. 
Phillips is the president of the non-profit organizations Americans for Prosperity (AFP) and Americans for Prosperity Foundation. Since Phillips took over as president of the AFP in 2006, the organization has expanded to over 17 states and has increased its membership to 700,000. In 2007, Phillips earned $250,000 as President of AFP. 
Phillips' entire career has been spent in conservative circles. He started out by running U.S. Congressman, Bob Goodlatte's (R-VA) first campaign, in 1992. Phillips then served as Goodlatte's chief of staff until 1996. 
Americans for Prosperity (AFP) was started by the oil billionaire David Koch and is the third largest recipient of funding from the Koch Family Foundations only behind the Cato Institute and the George Mason University Foundation.
Before 2003, when the AFP was still named the Citizens for a Sound Economy Foundation, it received $18,460,912 in funding. 84% of that funding came from the Koch Family Foundations ($12,906,712) and the Scaife Family Foundations ($2,510,000).
Americans for Prosperity is also connected to oil giant ExxonMobil. According to ExxonSecrets, between the years 1998-2001, Citizens for A Sound Economy and Citizens for a Sound Economy Foundation received $380,250 from ExxonMobil. 
A leaked memo from FreedomWorks, a sister organization to Americans for Prosperity, offers a guide for how Teabaggers can infiltrate and “rock” town hall meetings by harassing democratic members of congress. 
The memo instructs the Teabaggers to artificially inflate their numbers by spreading out in the front half of the hall. According to the memo, Teabaggers should be disruptive early and often by yelling out and challenging the representative's statements. The memo further states, the goal is not to have an intelligent debate, but to “rattle [the representatives, get [them] off [their] agenda.”
Phillips and Americans for Prosperity have also staunchly fought against President Barack Obama's Health Care Reform Plan. Americans for Prosperity has started Patients First—an organization designed to prevent health care reform legislation from being passed. This health care project uses many of Phillips lobbying skills—call centers, internet generated petitions, a national bus tour, advocating AFP members to go to Town Hall Meetings, and creating television ads.
In 1997, Tim Phillips joined forces with Ralph Reed to found the public relations firm, Century Strategies, as well as the marketing firm, Millennium Marketing.
Century Strategies offers business consulting, political and campaign consulting, and direct mail services. The company chooses not to release its list of clients. However, according to National Journal, Century Strategies has “raked in millions of dollars by mounting grassroots lobbying drives and other campaigns—as well as doing some inside-the-Beltway advocacy—for two dozen or so Fortune 100 companies and lesser-known enterprises.” 
Stance on Climate Change
Phillips has lobbied hard against anthropogenic global warming. AFP has conducted the “Hot Air Tour“—a national tour championing the voice against global warming hysteria. Likewise, the AFP has fought against the Waxman-Markey Bill and cap-and-trade legislation. AFP runs a website, No Cl!mate Tax which allows American citizens to send a message to federal and state lawmakers urging them to sign the No Climate Tax Pledge. 
The site declares that cap-and-trade is the largest tax increase in history. Citizens can also calculate how much “global warming alarmism and cap-and-trade legislation” will cost their family by entering what state they live in, how much they pay for a gallon of gas, their monthly electric bill, and their monthly natural gas bill.
Americans For Prosperity also led the charge to oust Van Jones, the Special Advisor for Green Jobs at the White House, from his position. In an article published on FOX News, Phil Kerpen, the director of policy for Americans for Prosperity outlines how he initiated the Van Jones ouster—the crux of Kerpen's article is that Van Jones is a radical communist, whose “Green Collar Economy” is all part of an attempt to achieve radical ends. 
“If you look at where the situation was three years ago and where it is today, there’s been a dramatic turnaround. Most of these candidates have figured out that the science has become political. We’ve made great headway. What it means for candidates on the Republican side is, if you … buy into green energy or you play footsie on this issue, you do so at your political peril. The vast majority of people who are involved in the [Republican] nominating process—the conventions and the primaries—are suspect of the science. And that’s our influence. Groups like Americans for Prosperity have done it.” 
2000 - 2006
In 2005 and 2006, Ralph Reed and Century Strategies were embroiled in a federal lobbying scandal. In 2000, Century Strategies was contracted by lobbyist Jack Abramoff to generate anti-lottery grassroots support to in order to help promote and maintain the business interests of several of Abramoff's clients. 
Century Strategies was hired by Abramoff to organize a coalition to block Native American tribes in Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas from creating casinos—the proposed casinos would drive gamblers away from the casinos Abramoff's clients owned. 
Reed, who has publicly called gambling a “cancer on the American politic” (The Nation, July 2004 Issue) did not want to have any direct connection with this matter, so, he had his fees laundered through two companies. According to the Washington Post, Century Strategies was paid as much as $4 million for its work opposing several tribal casinos in southern states from 2001 to 2003. 
Century Strategies also provided services for another gambling client of Abramoff's, e-Lottery—an internet gambling company. Century Strategies, whose key figures are prominent conservatives, was dispatched to convince conservative members of congress, as well as religious groups that the Internet Gambling Prohibition Act was going was not going to prevent gambling, but, in fact, was actually going to expand legalized gambling. American Marketing and Publishing, Inc., led a massive mail-out campaign in key voting constituencies. American Marketing is a company founded by Robert Randolph, the president of Century Strategies marketing subsidiary, Millennium Marketing.
Century Strategies fees for this project were laundered through the Faith and Family Alliance. The Faith and Family Alliance is a political advocacy group that was founded by Tim Phillips. The money was laundered in three steps: cheques for the e-Lottery project were written out to the Americans for Tax Reform foundation; Americans for Tax Reform would then send a cheque to the Faith and Family Alliance; finally, the identical amount would be transferred from the Faith and Family Alliance to Century Strategies. Robin Vanderwall, the director of the Faith and Family Alliance has stated he “was operating a shell.” 
In 2006, Jack Abramoff was convicted of fraud, tax evasion, and conspiracy to bribe public officials. Reed has stated that he had no direct knowledge of Abramoff's clients or their interests, and that Century Strategies' “efforts were designed to stop casino gambling, pure and simple.”
Century Strategies worked on the “Bush for President” campaign. According to the Century Strategies, Phillips “spearheaded the direct mail, telemarketing, coalition building and strategic services” for George W. Bush's campaign against John McCain in the 2000 primaries. 
During the primaries, McCain's presidential campaign was unraveled by an anonymous public relations operation that spread false rumors about John McCain and his family. The operation tarnished McCain's reputation by sending leaflets, emails, and telephone calls to South Carolina constituents explaining to them how McCain's adopted child from Bangladesh was really an illegitimate child he fathered with a black woman. McCain's team never uncovered who was behind the campaign.
Also in 2000, Phillips was hired by Virginia Senator Stephen Martin to manage a direct mail campaign against Eric Cantor in the Republican primary for a Virginia's congressional seat. It was during this campaign that Tim Phillips set up the Faith and Family Alliance. The Faith and Family Alliance then proceeded to conduct an anti-semitic smear campaign on Eric Cantor—the organization sent out thousands of pamphlets and made phone calls which stated that Cantor did not represent “Virginia values,” and that his opponent was the “only Christian in the contest.” Phillips claims to have no knowledge this smear campaign. 
Tim Phillips is also associated with helping to engineer political victory for Senator Saxby Chambliss during the 2002 senatorial election. During this election, a Chambliss television ad aired which claimed incumbent Democrat Senator Max Cleland was soft on national security by showing images of Osama Bin Laden, and then blasting his voting record on domestic security. 
In a 1995 speech at a Christian Coalition conference, Tim Phillips, then a strategist for Rep. Goodlatte, told members of the Christian Coalition that were interested in running for school board positions to use “stealth tactics to find the most 'hard-core' people aligned to conservative values.” Phillips recommended inventing a phony polling firm. This false surveying group would then phone residents and ask loaded questions about abortion, homosexuality, and school prayer. Those respondents that gave the most desired responses would be reminded to vote on election day. 
In 1998 Jack Abramoff hired Century Strategies to pressure Congress to vote against legislation that would have made the U.S. commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands subject to U.S. federal wage and worker safety laws. The legislation came as a response to a federal report which found that Chinese women in the Northern Mariana Islands were subjected to forced abortions, as well as forced prostitution in the local sex-tourism industry. 
However, in the mail-out campaign Phillips conducted to oppose the legislation, he stated that Chinese workers “are exposed to the teachings of Jesus Christ, [and many] convert to the Christian faith and return to China with Bibles in hand.” 
1997 - 2001
Century Strategies' first big client was Enron—the $60 billion energy company that imploded over-night under shady business operations and fraudulent accounting. From 1997 to 2001 Enron and Century Strategies shared a business relationship.
In 1997, Phillips and Reed were contracted by Enron to mobilize “religious leaders and pro-family groups” to generate support for energy deregulation in Congress and in state assemblies. Phillips and Reed used multiple mediums including advertsing on conservative talk shows, placing op-eds from community leaders in major newspapers, and having major political campaign contributors to press Congress to pass the favourable legislation. It is estimated Enron paid Century Strategies $380,000 for its services. 
According to a search of Google Scholar, Tim Phillips (or Timothy R. Phillips) has never published an article in a peer-reviewed journal on the subject of climate.
“Our Team: Timothy R. Phillips,” Century Strategies. Archived June 3, 2004.
IR Form 990 (PDF). OMB No. 1545-0047, 2007. Retrieved from ThinkProgress.
“Tim Phillips,” Profile at Americans for Prosperity. Accessed February, 2012.
Lee Fang. “Right-Wing Harassment Strategy Against Dems Detailed In Memo: 'Yell,' 'Stand Up And Shout Out,' 'Rattle Him',” ThinkProgress, July 31, 2009.
Bill Berkowitz. “Ralph & the Rabbi: a thinner Reed?”, Media Transparency, May 22, 2008. Archived June 30, 2007.
“Americans for Prosperity Applauds North Carolina State Representative Mark Hilton” (Press Release), Americans For Prosperity, May 12, 2009.
Phil Kerpen. “How Van Jones Happened and What We Need to Do Next,” FOXNews.com, September 6, 2009.
Coral Davenport. “Heads in the Sand,” National Journal, December 2, 2011. Archived February 7, 2012 with WebCite.
Susan Schmidt and James V. Grimaldi. “How a Lobbyist Stacked the Deck,” The Washington Post, October 16, 2005.
Susan Schmidt. “Insiders Worked Both Sides of Gaming Issue,” The Washington Post, September 26, 2004.
Lee Fang. “Tim Phillips, The Man Behind The 'Americans For Prosperity' Corporate Front Group Factory,” ThinkProgress, May 29, 2009.
John Batchelor. “Cantor Survived Abramoff, Reed, Norquist,” The American Spectator, January 13, 2006.
“Chambliss Ad (Cleland),” YouTube Video. Uploaded by user SoThisIsWashington, August 2, 2006.
Bob Boston. “Christian Coalition's claims of nonpartisanship are deceitful,” Freedom Writer, June 1996. Archived Feburary 7, 2012, with WebCite.
Thomas B. Edsall. “Another Stumble for Ralph Reed's Beleaguered Campaign,” The Washington Post, May 29, 2006.
Joe Stephens. “Bush 2000 Adviser Offered To Use Clout to Help Enron,” The Washington Post, February 17, 2002. Archived February 23, 2007.
“Staff,” Americans For Prosperity. Accessed February, 2012.
“Timothy R. Phillips,” SourceWatch Profile.
“Phillips, Timothy R: Employment History,” OpenSecrets.org.
“Tim Phillips (political strategist),” Wikipedia Entry.